Showing posts with label moisture. Show all posts
Showing posts with label moisture. Show all posts

Friday, December 1, 2017

Interchangeable Humidity Probes Open Up Application Possibilities

humidity measurement instrumentation
The Vaisala Indigo series of humidity measurement probes
encompasses variants for a wide range of applications.
Image courtesy Vaisala
The Indigo family of smart sensors and transmitters, from Vaisala, has been expanded with some newly released humidity probes. The five new probes can be used with an Indigo host device or another using Modbus protocol. Previously available sensors measured concentrations of gaseous carbon dioxide and hydrogen peroxide. The new offering expands the Indigo functionality into humidity measurement, a mainstay of Vaisala for many years. Humidity can now be measured in:

  • Pressurized or high pressure environments, up to 100 bars, with two probe offerings covering differing pressure ranges
  • High temperature ovens and similar applications
  • High humidity applications where probe heating is required
There is also a new version available for temperature measurement. 

The Indigo family of sensors and host devices are interchangeable, and all can interface with Vaisala's Insight PC software. More information is available from the process measurement specialists at Alliance Technical Sales. Share your process measurement challenges with experts, leveraging your own knowledge and experience with their product application expertise to develop the best solutions.

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Humidity Measurement - Technical Details

humidity measurement instrument
Industrial humidity measurement instrument
Courtesy Vaisala
Regardless of what industry you may be operating within, humidity, the moisture content of the air surrounding your work, has some degree of impact. Though that impact may be small enough to currently be ignored, building a basic understanding of the relationship of moisture and dry air, how humidity is measured, and how it can impact your operations will make you a more effective and valuable operator of whatever your process might be.

Vaisala, a leader in humidity measurement, has produced a resource in the form of an eBook that breaks down into understandable units various aspects of humidity measurement and the impact of humidity on industrial applications. The eBook contains a basic level of detail, plus provides links to more technical in-depth source material.

Everyone should find something of value in the eBook. Share your humidity questions, concerns, and challenges with product application specialists for assistance and cooperation in developing effective solutions.


Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Transformer Monitoring for Hydrogen, Moisture, and Temperature

transformer moisture hydrogen temperature monitor transmitter
Specialized transmitter for monitoring moisture,
hydrogen, and temperature levels in electrical
transformers. (Vaisala)
Electrical transformers are an intricate part of the power transmission and distribution system. Many transformers are insulated with mineral oil that also facilitates heat transfer for unit cooling. Abnormal thermal and electrical stresses, such as local overheating and electrical discharge ocurring in the transformer, cause decomposition of insulating oil and papers, resulting in production of a range of gases, one of which is hydrogen.

Routine dissolved gas analysis, or DGA, is performed on oil filled transformers to provide a measure of unit health. The process involves the extraction of an oil sample from the transformer, which is then subjected to laboratory analysis. The process is manual, time consuming, and only performed infrequently. It is known that the presence or increasing levels of certain gases is an indicator of internal faults or general wear and tear in a transformer. A reliable stream of data can provide value as a predictive indicator of overall transformer health and maintenance requirements. The endgame is to prevent unit failure and the resultant shutdown of connected customer equipment.

General recommendations call for trend monitoring of hydrogen. The rate of change in the concentration can be more indicative than the overall level in some cases. Any rapid change is a harbinger of potential problems. Adopting a proactive approach, based on transformer oil condition, can extend transformer useful life.

Moisture content of transformer oil is another concern. The presence of water boosts oil and paper insulation deterioration. Water presence in transformers generally has two potential sources, atmospheric and internal. The sources of moisture in the oil are not a subject of this article, but water reduces the dielectric strength of insulating oil and can facilitate corrosion or other material degradation within the transformer case.

Internal temperature is an indicator of the current operating condition of a transformer and is useful in evaluating its performance.

All three of the parameters mentioned, moisture, hydrogen, and temperature, are continuously measured by the new MHT-410 from Vaisala. The transmitter provides three isolated loop powered 4-20 mA outputs that provide the user with continuous data on moisture content, hydrogen concentration, and oil temperature. The compact unit installs easily in less than 30 minutes to provide online monitoring of insulating oil without any need for pumps, membranes, or sampling.

The new MHT410 provides real time transformer health monitoring, as well as information on transformer fault situations. You can find out more with a review of the data sheet included below. Reach out to a product specialist with your measurement challenges.